Full Document: HTML Full Document: Constitution Acts, 1867 to 1982 ; Search within Constitutional Documents: Table of Contents. The centre amassed enormous powers under Sections 9 (5), 8 (2), 102 and 92 (A) of the 1947 Independence of India Act. The Constitution of India (IAST: Bhāratīya Saṃvidhāna) is the supreme law of India. constituteproject.org Pakistan's Constitution of 1973, Reinstated in 2002, with Amendments through 2015 Pakistan’s current parliamentary system of government was established pursuant to article 50 of the 1973 Constitution of Pakistan, which stipulates that “[t]here shall be a Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) of Pakistan consisting of the President and two Houses to be known respectively as the National Assembly and the Senate.” [Article 92( 2)] (In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.) The Constitution OF THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA, 1996 As adopted on 8 May 1996 and amended on 11 October 1996 by the Constitutional Assembly ISBN 978-0-621-39063-6 (1) Subject to clauses (9) and (10) of Article 91, the President shall appoint Federal Ministers and Ministers of State from amongst the members of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) on the advice of the Prime Minister: … (Art. The Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir was the legal document which established the framework for the state government of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.The constitution was adopted on 17 November 1956, and came into effect on 26 January 1957. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan The Constitution 8 Article Nineteen The flag of Afghanistan shall be made up of three equal parts, with black, red and green colors juxtaposed from left to right vertically. Article 92 (1)An Advisory Council on Democratic and Peaceful Unification may be established to advise the President on the formulation of peaceful unification policy. According to the official notification issued by Cabinet Division, in exercise of power conferred by clause (1) of Article 92, read with Article 91 (9) of the Constitution … 23 7. Article 17. The document lays down the framework demarcating fundamental political code, structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and the duties of citizens.It is the longest written constitution of any country on earth. Enact and Give to ourselves this constitution. ... Auditor-General of Pakistan [Article 168( 2)] (In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.) 1 - I. Article 92. ... assume the office of President of Pakistan forthwith and shall hold office for a term of five years under the Constitution, and Article 44 and other provisions of the Constitution shall apply accordingly. . CONSTITUTION ACT, 1867. 91. However, in spite of their opposition, the Constitution was adopted and was enforced on March 23, 1956. . CONSTITUTION OF THE ITALIAN REPUBLIC FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES Art. Functional Translation of the Constitution of the Republic of Maldives 2008 Done By Ms. Dheena Hussain LLB. It was rendered infructuous on 5 August 2019 by an order signed by the president of India and ceased to be applicable on that date. -- Deciding on interpellation of each of the ministers in accordance with the provisions of Article 92 of this constitution. With this Pakistan’s status as a dominion ended and the country was declared an Islamic Republic of Pakistan. PRELIMINARY 3 - II. (London), Barrister-at-Law (Lincoln’s Inn) 1 Italy is a democratic Republic founded on labour. Article 246(3) says: “Subject to clauses (1) and (2) the legislature of any State has exclusive to make laws for such State, or any part of thereof, with respect to any of the matters enumerated in List II in the Seventh Schedule in this Constitution referred to as the State List”. Blasphemy Law was meant to prevent religious violence . Pakistan Italy Arms Trade: Despite human rights organisations highlighting that weapons sold to Pakistan could and would end up in wrong hands the government of … The LHC vide order 17.12.2020 stated; through the instant constitutional petition filed under Article 199 of the Constitution, the petitioner has challenged order passed by the Respondent No. Constitution Petition under Article 184 (3), of the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973. In Egypt, the interpretive role has fallen to the Supreme Constitutional Court, whereas in Pakistan, the constitution specifically assigns this … Constituent Assembly became interim National Assembly and Governor-General Iskander Mirza sworn in as the first President of Pakistan. The way Article 92-A was inserted into the provisional constitution, and its use to demolish provincial governments, constitute a regrettable chapter in the history of Pakistan. Rights of citizenship of certain migrants to Pakistan . . Art. Part II Organization of the Republic Federal Ministers and Ministers of State. Article 54 [Loyalty to the Constitution] (1) All citizens shall have the duty to be loyal to the Republic and to comply with the Constitution and the laws. According to the constitution, Article 370 could only be modified with the agreement of the "state government". The Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 2019, issued by President Ram Nath Kovind “in exercise of the powers conferred by Clause (1) of Article 370 of the Constitution”, has not abrogated Article 370. Sovereignty belongs to the people and is exercised by the people in the forms and within the limits of the Constitution. ... 92. 2 The Republic recognises and guarantees the inviolable rights of the person, PART I PRELIMINARY 1. A. ISLAMABAD (92 News) – Foreign Office (FO) spokesperson Dr Muhammad Faisal has said Pakistan condemns attempts to scrap Article 35A of the Indian Constitution as these are clearly aimed at bringing about demographic changes in the Indian-held Jammu Kahsmir (IHK). CHAPTER 1 - THE PRESIDENT . (Salamat, 1992: 66, 68) Thus, Pakistan was born into an anomalous political situation that led to two contradictory approaches: i) making federalism the only option for a viable form of government, and ii) making it as Answer: Option B. . Article 92: First: The Federal Supreme Court is an independent judicial body, financially and administratively. (2) This section and sections 2,3,4,5,6,7,8, and 158 shall come into force et once and the remaining provisions of this constitution shall come into force on the twenty-sixth day of January, 1957, which day (1) this Constitution may be called the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir. 9. The provision, in which the King shall reign but not govern, as stipulated in Article 7 paragraph 1 of this Constitution, can not in any case be modified. (2)The organization, function and other necessary matters pertaining to the Advisory Council on Democratic and Peaceful Unification shall be determined by law. ... 92. Article 18 new The King communicates with the Senate and the National Assembly through royal messages. . Pakistan inherited these laws when it came into existence after the partition of India in 1947. The Federation of Pakistan . These royal messages can not be subject to debate at the . The width of every color shall be half of its length, and at the center of … (2) Citizens to whom public functions are entrusted shall perform them with discipline and honour, and take an oath where it is required by law. Islamabad. . While this provision remains in the statute book, it has been used to withdraw the special status of Jammu and Kashmir. This complete constitution has been generated from excerpts of texts from the repository of the ... Rights of citizenship of certain persons who have migrated to India from Pakistan . (Hons), (Birmingham), LLM. This complete constitution has been generated from excerpts of texts from the repository of the Comparative Constitutions Project, and distributed on constituteproject.org. There shall be a Judicial Commission of Pakistan, hereinafter in this Article referred to as the Commission, for appointment of Judges of the Supreme Court, High Courts and the Federal Shariat Court, as … -- Taking the final decision about the state's development programs and state budget, in case of a disagreement between the House of Representatives [ Wolesi Jirga ] and the Senate [ Meshrano Jirga ]. UNION KARACHI: The federal government is violating Article 158 of the Constitution by depriving Sindh of its gas rights,... ANL 29.33 Decreased By -1.23 (-4.02%) ASC 16.30 No Change 0.00 (0%) The blasphemy laws were introduced through Sections 295-B and 295-C of the Pakistan Penal Code during the dictatorial regime of General Ziaul Haq. Under Article 90 of the Constitution of 1973 the executive authority of the Federation shall be exercised in the name of President by. 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